Zinc uptake and shoot partitioning between zinc efficient and inefficient exacum genotypes

Andrew Riseman, Richard Craig, Jonathan Paul Lynch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Interspecific hybrids of exacum (Exacum L.) display variable responses to zinc nutrition. Our research compared two genotypes with contrasting zinc efficiency phenotypes in terms of root cation exchange capacity (CEC), whole plant 65Zn uptake, and the effects of Cu+2 and Mg +2 on 65Zn uptake and partitioning to shoot tissues. Results show that the zinc efficient and inefficient genotypes had significantly different root CEC [27.2 and 16.9 cmol(+)·kg-1 root dry weight (DW), respectively] and whole plant 65Zn uptake rates (0.048 and 0.026 μmol·h-1·g-1 DW, respectively). In equimolar concentrations to Zn+2, Cu+2 reduced Zn +2 uptake by approximately 50% in both genotypes while supplemental Mg+2 enhanced Zn+2 uptake. In addition, Mg+2 facilitated a larger proportion of absorbed 65Zn to the upper shoot of the efficient genotype. We conclude zinc is absorbed through a specific Zn+2/Cu+2 transporter and that zinc efficiency in exacum is based on a combination of apoplastic and symplastic traits. In addition, a secondary Mg+2 x Zn+2 interaction may contribute to the zinc efficiency phenotype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)674-679
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
Volume130
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

Fingerprint

Exacum
Zinc
zinc
Genotype
shoots
genotype
Cations
cation exchange capacity
Phenotype
Weights and Measures
phenotype
transporters
nutrition
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Horticulture

Cite this

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abstract = "Interspecific hybrids of exacum (Exacum L.) display variable responses to zinc nutrition. Our research compared two genotypes with contrasting zinc efficiency phenotypes in terms of root cation exchange capacity (CEC), whole plant 65Zn uptake, and the effects of Cu+2 and Mg +2 on 65Zn uptake and partitioning to shoot tissues. Results show that the zinc efficient and inefficient genotypes had significantly different root CEC [27.2 and 16.9 cmol(+)·kg-1 root dry weight (DW), respectively] and whole plant 65Zn uptake rates (0.048 and 0.026 μmol·h-1·g-1 DW, respectively). In equimolar concentrations to Zn+2, Cu+2 reduced Zn +2 uptake by approximately 50{\%} in both genotypes while supplemental Mg+2 enhanced Zn+2 uptake. In addition, Mg+2 facilitated a larger proportion of absorbed 65Zn to the upper shoot of the efficient genotype. We conclude zinc is absorbed through a specific Zn+2/Cu+2 transporter and that zinc efficiency in exacum is based on a combination of apoplastic and symplastic traits. In addition, a secondary Mg+2 x Zn+2 interaction may contribute to the zinc efficiency phenotype.",
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Zinc uptake and shoot partitioning between zinc efficient and inefficient exacum genotypes. / Riseman, Andrew; Craig, Richard; Lynch, Jonathan Paul.

In: Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, Vol. 130, No. 5, 01.09.2005, p. 674-679.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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